Old Testament Bible Lessons

Course Introduction:

This course is a series of Bible lessons on the Old Testament designed for older (middle school) children.  Each lesson is about 20 minutes in length and is taught by a 6th grade Bible teacher from Calvin Christian school in Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. The video portion of each lesson is accompanied by a Lesson Guide containing quizzes and test questions. The Lesson Guide is available in pdf format and can be downloaded or printed out for the student to complete in class. This course is very well suited for both home schools and private Christian schools worldwide, though it is primarily designed for use in a group setting. Parents and teachers can provide additional guidance to supplement these lessons and Bible knowledge tests, if desired.

Note: These are only the first 37 lessons, quite a few more lessons will be made available in the coming months to cover the remainder of the Old Testament.

1 - The Bible

The book in your hand is a guide to help you study the Bible and to open for you, with God’s blessing, the beautiful riches contained in Scripture.  However, before we begin to study the books of the Bible, we should first understand what the Bible is and how to approach the Bible.

2 - Creation

Many ungodly people believe that the world came into existence by accident.  This accident is given the name evolution.  However, as you read the first verse of Genesis you will find something truly amazing. The Bible reveals that the world did not come about by accident/chance.  The first verse says, “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.” 

3 - Man

In Genesis 1, God gave us a general overview of the days of creation.  In Genesis 2, God draws our attention to a special part of His creation.  He gives us greater detail about the creation of man.  God made man in a special way.  He “breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.”  (Gen. 2.7) 

4 - A Gracious Promise

The most disastrous event in the history of mankind is told to us in Genesis 3.  After God had created the world, placed man in the midst of the Garden and gave our first parents the freedom to enjoy the fruits of the Garden, our first parents transgressed against the clear command of God.  

5 - Cain & Abel

Cain killed Abel.  We are told that Abel’s blood cries from the ground.  What does it cry? It cries for justice.  There is, however, a blood that “speaketh better things than that of Abel.” (Heb. 12.24)  It is the blood of Christ.  Christ’s blood satisfied the just demands of God’s law.  The blood of Christ cries out for mercy and pardon.

6 - Noah

Even though God was just to be angry with humanity, He would still manifest His grace.  First, we see it manifested in Noah.  Noah was not spared because he was better than others.  Noah was spared because of grace. “Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.” (Gen.6.8)  This grace was given because Noah believed and feared the Lord – By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house…” (Heb. 11.7)

7 - The Flood and Judgement

The destruction of the world before the flood is a picture of the judgment that shall take place in the last days.  All those who set their hearts against the Lord will perish.  Although this is a just end that comes upon a rebellious people, it is also a sad picture.  Many generations had passed sins Adam transgressed.  In all those years God was “striving with man.” (Gen. 6.3)  However, as God was calling sinners to Himself, they rebelled more and more.  The same is true today.  Jesus Christ commanded that the gospel be preached to every creature. 

8 - The Noahic Covenant

Through Noah, God established a covenant with the whole earth.  The promise made to Noah, extended not only to his family and his seed, but to “every living creature that is with you.” (Gen. 9.10)  As a token of His promise, God set a rainbow in the cloud.  What are we reminded of when we see the rainbow?  Not only that God has promised not to destroy the earth with a flood anymore, but especially that God looks upon the “bow in the cloud” and remembers.  It is a reminder of God’s faithfulness to His covenant promises.

9 - The Tower of Babel

Mighty as Nimrod was, there was one mightier than him.  Try as he might, Nimrod’s plan came to ruin.  Mighty Nimrod could make cities and a tower out of brick.  The Almighty God made a world from nothing.  The efforts of men to ruin God’s plan, the efforts of men to overthrow the church of God throughout the ages can never succeed.  No one, not even the devil can impede the plan of an almighty, faithful God.

10 - The Calling of Abram

This lesson introduces us to the third major historical figure in Genesis – Abram.  The first major individual was Adam.  Adam is the father of all humanity and is responsible for the sinful nature that exists in all mankind.  The second major historical individual is Noah. Noah is a father of all men that live after the flood.  Every person can trace their lineage to Noah.  He is our common ancestor.  Abram, the third major historical figure in Genesis, is the father of all believers.

11 - Abram and Lot

After his experience in Egypt, (Gen. 12) Abram returned to the land of Canaan.  What a joy it must have been to return to the land of promise!  However, upon their return to Canaan, Abram and Lot separated from one another.  What was the cause of this separation?  Strife – There was “strife between the herdmen of Abram’s cattle and the herdmen of Lot’s cattle.”  (Gen. 13.7) 

12 - Melchizedek

After Abram delivered Lot from captivity, he is met by a man named Melchizedek.  By the number of lines that speak of Melchizedek, it might appear that Mechizedek is not an important figure.  His name appears only one time in the book of Genesis and his interaction with Abram takes up only three verses.  By comparison the name Abram/Abraham appears 200 times in the book of Genesis and is the focus of over 234 verses. If you think that he is not important, you would be mistaken.  

13 - Righteous by Faith

After returning from defeating Chedorlaomer and rescuing Lot, the king of Sodom offered Abram the goods he had obtained in the raid.  Despite how tempting it is to receive riches from the hands of kings, Abram refused.  Abram had a better reward.  The Lord spoke to Abram in a vision, saying,…I am thy exceeding great reward.” (Gen. 15.1) What a blessing, when our eye is fixed, not upon earthly treasures, but upon the “treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal.” (Matt. 6.20)

14 - Two Sons

In Genesis 15.4 God said to Abram, “he that shall come forth out of thine own bowels shall be thine heir.”  Abram and Sarai, because they were married, were as one.  The promised heir should have been born of Sarai.  However, as time passed and it seemed that God would not fulfill His promise, Sarai devised her own plan, to which Abram consented. The plan was to have a child by one who was not Abram’s wife (flesh) - Sarai’s maid, Hagar.  In so doing, they did not rely upon the promise of God.

15 - Lot's Wife

What was it that caused so much trouble in the life of Lot?  How many troubles came into Lot’s life because he chose to live in Sodom?  He was taken captive.  His daughters married Sodomites.  His sons-in-law mocked him. He lost all his possessions.  His wife became a pillar of salt.  May the life of Lot be an example for us of how not to live! 

16 - Abraham Deceives

It is a remarkable thing we read in Genesis 20.  Here we find Abraham deceiving the king of Gerar.  He gave the king to believe that Sarah was his sister and not his wife.  What is remarkable is that this is not the first time Abraham had resorted to deception.  In an earlier chapter, he had used the same tactics while in Egypt. And we are told that he had conspired with Sarah to tell this same story in “every place” they came. (Gen. 20.13)

17 - Abraham Tested

The testing of Abraham was not the only reason God told Abraham to offer Isaac.  God desired to reveal something more of the way of salvation.  God wanted to reveal to Abraham and to Abraham’s seed that God provides the sacrifice.  As the knife hung over the child, “the angel of the LORD” told Abraham not to harm the child. (Gen. 22.11) Looking up Abraham sees a “ram caught in a thicket.” (Gen. 22.13) This ram is offered as a sacrifice instead of Isaac.  Isaac lives because the ram dies.  This story points to that which the Lord Jesus Christ did upon the cross of Calvary. 

18 - Isaac and Rebekah

It is incredible to think that Isaac is the son of promise, but that very little is detailed in Scripture concerning him.  One event that the Lord desires for us to consider is how Isaac obtained a wife.  While there are many points that may be drawn out, let us consider two.  First, not just anyone would do.  Abraham was determined that his son, the son of promise, would not take a wife of the daughters of the Canaanites. Second, we may note Isaac’s reaction to Rebekah.  Upon Abraham’s servant returning with Rebekah, we read that Isaac loved Rebekah. (Gen.25.67)  How is it that Isaac could love Rebekah, whom he hardly knew?

19 - Jacob's Desire

Jacob, although not a perfect man, was different than his brother. He was a “plain man”.  The world did not draw him.  While he lived in this world, he had his eye set upon a better prize.  Esau did not care for the birthright.  Jacob desired it.  Jacob’s desire was better than Esau’s.  What do you desire?  

20 - Jacob the Deceiver

It is amazing that we read the name of Jacob in Hebrews 11- “By faith Jacob, when he was a dying, blessed both the sons of Joseph; and worshipped, leaning upon the top of his staff.” (Heb. 11.21) Why is it an amazing thing? It is amazing, because when we look back at the life of Jacob, we do not find a man who walks perfectly according to the law. What we find in Genesis 27? We find a man who went to great lengths to deceive his father, Isaac, to obtain the blessing.  

21A - God Preserves Jacob

Isaac blessed Jacob with the blessing that Abraham received of God (Genesis 28:4). This was the blessing that God said should come upon Jacob (Genesis 25:23). However, because Jacob received the blessing by deceit, he would not only cause turmoil in the family, but would also be deceived. Esau hated Jacob with such a deep hatred that he desired to kill his brother.

21B - God Preserves Jacob

Isaac blessed Jacob with the blessing that Abraham received of God (Genesis 28:4). This was the blessing that God said should come upon Jacob (Genesis 25:23). However, because Jacob received the blessing by deceit, he would not only cause turmoil in the family, but would also be deceived. Esau hated Jacob with such a deep hatred that he desired to kill his brother.

22 - Jacob Returns to Bethel

When Jacob fled from his brother Esau, the Lord had come to him, saying “I am with thee” (Genesis 28:15). Upon hearing these words, Jacob made a vow. He said, “if God will be with me...then shall the LORD be my God” (Genesis 28:20-21). In all that time God had been faithful. God had returned Jacob to the land of his fathers. Sadly, Jacob forgot his vow. In the opening verses of Chapter 35, it is God who reminds Jacob of His care. It is God who calls Jacob up to fulfill his vow and to “put away the strange gods that are among” them (Genesis 35:2). What do we learn here?

23 - Joseph Loved – Joseph Hated

The events recorded in Genesis 37 focus our attention on a new figure wherein God opens more fully His redemption. Even though Joseph is the last major figure in the book of Genesis, this does not mean that he is the least important. Consider that 1⁄4 of the book of Genesis centers around the life of Joseph.

24 - An Eye upon God

At first it might appear that Genesis 38 interrupts the history of Joseph. In reality, it acts as a point of com- parison between Judah and Joseph. In the last lesson, we see Joseph being sold into Egypt and now we are looking more closely at the life of Judah – the Judah who devised the plan to sell his brother. There seems to be very little to commend Judah to us.

25 - Joseph Raised Out of Prison

One day, while Joseph was in prison, two other men were sent to prison. Who were these men? They were two servants, a butler and a baker, who had displeased their king, the king of Egypt. While in prison, both men dreamed dreams. Their dreams troubled them. Joseph, taking notice of them, asked them what troubled them. After hearing the dreams, Joseph interpreted them. He told the butler that he would be restored to his position. The interpretation of the baker’s dream was not so pleasant. In three days, he would be executed.

26 - Joseph and His Brethren

The events related in these chapters of Genesis are indeed beautiful. It is a story of brothers, once at enmity, brought together again in bonds of love. It is amazing to see how the brother they despised is the brother who embraces them. This picture, painted for us in Holy Scripture, is even more magnificent when we consider that it is an illustration of God, in Christ, reconciling a sinful people to Himself.

27 - Jacob Comes to Joseph

Joseph endured much suffering in this life. However, that suffering was not purposeless. It was through suf- fering that Joseph came to be the second most important person in Egypt. As the second most important person, Joseph would save many people. Not only were the lives of many Egyptians saved, but all the children of Jacob.

28 - God Heard Their Cry

Joseph had done much good for Egypt. Seeing that God was with Joseph, Pharaoh had respect for Joseph. Seeing how Joseph was a blessing to Egypt, Pharaoh did not hesitate to allow all of Joseph’s family to come and settle in the land of Egypt. However, the Pharaoh who knew Joseph died. As the memory of Joseph faded, the treatment of the descendants of Jacob suffered cruelly under the hand of a new Pharaoh. They were oppressed.

29 - Moses and the Burning Bush

As Moses was keeping the flock of Jethro (called Reuel in Exodus 2), he saw something amazing. He saw a bush burning, but not consumed. Approaching the bush, he heard the words, “Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground” (Exodus 3:5). Why was Moses com- manded to remove his shoes? He was commanded to do so because the place that he was approaching was not common ground. It was not like every other place. In fact, it was a special place. It was the place where the Lord spoke to Moses. The removal of the shoes was to indicate the reverence that was to be in the heart, as he drew near to God.

30 - Let My People Go

The wicked are like Pharaoh, they do not respect the Word of the Lord. When Moses had come to Pharaoh, he told Pharaoh that the LORD had spoken to him and that Pharaoh was to let the people go and worship the Lord. How did Pharaoh react? Did he humble himself before the Word of the Lord? No. Pharaoh doubted the Word of the Lord - “Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go?” (Exodus 5:2).

31 - Deliverance

Nine plagues came upon Egypt. Yet in those plagues the heart of Pharaoh had not been moved. The people remained in bondage. The tenth plague, the worst of all was about to come upon Egypt. This plague would result in the death of all the first-born. The cause of death was Pharaoh’s disobedience to the word of God. When God said, “let my people go,” Pharaoh said, “I will not let thy people go.” Rebellion against God has dire consequences. Paul speaks clearly about this, when he says, “the wages of sin is death” (Romans 6:23).

32 - God’s Patience with a Complaining People

There is no clearer evidence of the need for the Spirit’s work upon the heart than Pharaoh. Repeatedly, Egypt came under the severe judgments of God. It was only after the tenth plague that Pharaoh relented and let the Hebrew people go. Was Pharaoh’s heart changed? Was he humbled before the Lord? No. Soon after the Hebrew children departed, he forgot the severe afflictions that came upon them. When the affliction is over, his anger is kindled again. Kindled, not only against the Hebrew children, but against God.

33 - Keeping the Law: Not to Merit but to Show Thankfulness

The Ten Commandments, given by God, are a display of His goodness and mercy. In Paradise, there was no need for the commandments to be written on tables of stone, for the law of God was written on the heart. However, when Adam transgressed the command of God and ate of the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, the image of God, whereby man knew the law in his heart, became corrupt. We see how the knowledge of the law has completely deteriorated by the wickedness of the first world, the wickedness that followed upon a renewed world, after the flood, and when we look at the world around us.

34 - The Lord Dwells Among His People

In the world there are different views of God. Some believe that God cannot be known. Others believe that God is distant. Yet others believe in an impersonal God – a God that has no feelings toward His creation. And there are those who even deny God’s being. These thoughts are all wrong, for God is made known in the Scriptures

35 - A Priest for the People

It was a beautiful thing the Lord had done, to place the Tabernacle among His people. A place of reconcilia- tion for all Israel to see, no matter where they encamped. Whether on the north, south, east or west, the way of reconciliation was before all the people. This is true today for all those that grow up under a faithful gospel ministry. Rich as this privilege is, we know that it is not enough. The people had to come to the tabernacle, bringing a sacrifice, confessing their sins.

36 - Moses Intercedes for a Rebellious People

God delivered Israel from bondage in Egypt. He brought them through the Red Sea. What was the reaction of Israel? Were they thankful? Did they walk in the ways of the Lord? Sadly, no, for while Moses was in the mount, they transgressed against the goodness of God. Sin is no light thing, for the Lord is “of purer eyes than to behold evil, and canst not look on iniquity” (Habakkuk 1:13). How had they rebelled against the goodness of God? They came to Aaron and had him make an image – a golden calf – to represent the living God. This act violated God’s command in Exodus 20:4 – “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.”